Business, industry and planning guidance

Landfills – guidance for business

Landfills are an important part of Victoria’s waste management infrastructure. The siting, management and rehabilitation of landfills requires a high level of design and management to ensure that that the environment is protected and community aspirations are met.

Best practice environmental management – Siting, design, operation and rehabilitation of landfills

The best practice environmental management publication Siting, design, operation and rehabilitation of landfills (the Landfill BPEM; publication 788) is used by EPA, industry and others in relation to works approval applications and compliance activity. Applicants for a works approval or licence for a landfill must meet the objectives and required outcomes set out in the Landfill BPEM.

In October 2014, EPA made some minor amendments to the Landfill BPEM. These amendments provide clarity on the application of landfill gas management standards. The Landfill BPEM was further amended in August 2015 to correct typographical and formatting errors.

Best practice for municipal landfills

At present, low-level contaminated soils and some other low-hazard (Category C) prescribed industrial wastes (such as food processing waste and foundry sands) are managed at 25 landfills across the state, which are specifically licensed to receive one or more of these waste types.

The Best practice guidelines for landfills accepting Category C prescribed industrial waste (publication 1208) establish clear standards for those landfills licensed to receive Category C prescribed industrial wastes.

Further information on the hazard classification of prescribed industrial wastes is provided in the Industrial Waste Resource Guidelines – Solid industrial waste – Hazard categorisation and management.

Work on the new Landfill Compliance Code begins

The new environment protection laws made under the Environment Protection Amendment Act 2018 (the Act) take effect in 2020. The Act focuses on preventing waste and pollution impacts, rather than managing the impacts after they have occurred.

EPA is proposing to develop a Landfill Compliance Code that will provide practical guidance to ensure the community is protected from risks to the environment and human health.

  • The compliance code is proposed to be based on Siting, design, operation and rehabilitation of landfills (the Landfill BPEM; publication 788).
  • The purpose of the compliance code is to provide duty holders practical guidance on how they can meet their specific obligations to reduce harm.
  • Public consultation is anticipated to begin in February 2020, with a final document available later in 2020.    

EPA will invite stakeholders to review and comment on a draft compliance code in May 2019.
If you would like to be involved in the feedback process regarding the draft landfill compliance code, please email 

Licensing guidelines

EPA’s Landfill licensing guidelines (publication 1323) have been published to assist landfill operators and environmental auditors with ongoing environmental management of the landfill and with gaining EPA approval for construction of new landfill cells at existing landfills.

Financial assurances

EPA requires financial assurances for landfills and any sites which accept any prescribed waste for the purposes of reprocessing, treatment, storage or disposal; or which generate and then reprocess, treat, store or dispose of certain wastes.

More information

Page last updated on 26 Jun 2019