Industrial waste management policies (IWMPs) were among the measures introduced into the Environment Protection Act 1970 by the Environment Protection (Industrial Waste) Act 1985 to improve the management of industrial wastes.
In 2002 the Environment Protection Act was amended by the Environment Protection (Resource Efficiency) Act to allow the Authority scope to develop waste management policies (WMPs). This change means that policies that deal with municipal waste can also be developed, thereby complementing existing arrangements and ensuring that a comprehensive framework of statutory policy can be maintained and strengthened.
WMPs cover the full waste cycle – from generation and use through to disposal, treatment and reuse. WMPs may also allocate responsibility for industrial waste management operations and disposal, and establish the level of technology that should be applied to processes involving wastes.
The Environment Protection (Industrial Waste Resource) Regulations 2009 came into effect on 1 July 2009, replacing both the Environment Protection (Prescribed Waste) Regulations 1998 and the Industrial Waste Management Policy (Prescribed Industrial Waste) 2000. Guidance to support these Regulations is provided in the Industrial Waste Resource Guidelines
EPA administers the following WMPs:
Waste Management Policy (Combustible Recyclable and Waste Materials)
This policy aims to ensure that resource recovery facilities are managed in a manner that minimises risks of harm to human health and the environment from fire. Compliance with the Management and storage of combustible recyclable and waste materials guideline (publication 1667) will be taken to mean compliance with this policy.
This policy was gazetted as the Waste Management Policy (Combustible Recyclable and Waste Materials) No. S397, Gazette 29/8/2018.
Waste Management Policy (Movement of Controlled Waste between States and Territories)
The WMP implements the National Environment Protection (Movement of Controlled Waste between States and Territories) Measure. The WMP provides a nationally consistent statutory framework in Victoria for the management of the movement of controlled wastes between Victoria and other states and territories originating from commercial, trade or business activities. Core elements of the WMP are the implementation of compatible tracking and notification systems, consultation between interested parties and mutual recognition of licences and permits for transporters.
This policy was gazetted as Waste Management Policy (Movement of Controlled Waste between States and Territories) No. G30, Gazette 26/7/2012.
Waste Management Policy (National Pollutant Inventory)
The National Environment Protection (National Pollutant Inventory) Measure (NPI NEPM) aims to maintain and improve the ambient air, marine, estuarine and fresh water quality, minimise the environmental impacts associated with hazardous wastes and increase the reuse and recycling of used materials.
The purpose of this policy is to implement the NPI NEPM in Victoria. It involves collecting a broad base of information on emissions of NPI substances to air, land and water and the transfer of NPI substances in waste for treatment, containment or final disposal, from both industry (through reporting obligations imposed on industrial facilities) and domestic sources (estimated by EPA).
This policy was gazetted as the Waste Management Policy (National Pollutant Inventory) No. G40, Gazette 4/10/2012.
Industrial Waste Management Policy (Protection of the Ozone Layer)
This policy was gazetted as the Industrial Waste Management Policy (Protection of the Ozone Layer) No. S193, Gazette 5/11/2001.
The policy impact assessment is available from the EPA publications catalogue.
Industrial Waste Management Policy (Waste Acid Sulfate Soils)
An acid sulfate soil is any soil, sediment, unconsolidated geological material or disturbed consolidated rock mass containing metal sulfides exceeding criteria published by the Authority. If managed inappropriately, waste acid sulfate soils may oxidise to produce acid which poses a risk to human health and the environment. This policy aims to protect human health and the environment from this risk by providing a management framework and specific requirements for the management of acid sulfate soils in an environmentally responsible manner.
This policy was gazetted as the Industrial Waste Management Policy (Waste Acid Sulfate Soils) No. S125, Gazette 18/9/1999.
Waste Management Policy (E-waste)
E-waste is growing up to three times faster than general municipal waste in Australia and covers a range of items we use and discard from our daily working and home lives, including televisions, computers, mobile phones, kitchen appliances and white goods. These items contain both hazardous materials, which can harm the environment and human health, and valuable materials which are scarce and worth recovering.
This policy aims to reduce e-waste from landfill, increase resource recovery and ensure e-waste is managed in manner that minimises to risks to human health and environment.
This policy was gazetted as the Waste Management Policy (E-waste) No. G26, Gazette 28/06/2018. This policy will come into operation on 1 July 2019.
Waste Management Policy (Siting, Design and Management of Landfills)
Landfills are an important part of Victoria’s waste management infrastructure. While disposal of materials to landfill is the least preferred management option, they will continue to be required in the future to manage those wastes that cannot currently be practicably removed from the waste stream.
This WMP applies to all landfills in Victoria receiving solid non-prescribed waste and/or Category C prescribed industrial waste.
The policy clarifies and strengthens the existing framework through promoting best practice and continuous improvement in the way we plan, site, design and manage landfills in Victoria. The policy also promotes waste minimisation and resource recovery infrastructure that will in turn encourage market opportunities for recycling. It provides a transparent assessment and consultation process to investigate banning specified wastes from landfill disposal where a higher waste management option is practicably available.
This policy was gazetted as the Waste Management Policy (Siting, Design and Management of Landfills) No. S264, Gazette 14/12/2004.
Hard copies (paper) are available from the Information Victoria Bookshop and for viewing at the EPA Victoria Library. EPA has also published an explanation of the policy, Policy Impact Assessment – Waste Management Policy (Siting, Design and Management of Landfills) (publication 968).
Variation to Waste Management Policy (Siting, Design and Management of Landfills)
This variation prohibits the deposit of e-waste in landfills unless dispersed in negligible quantities in wastes not otherwise prohibited from disposal to landfill. The variation also updates the names of government entity to be consistent with amendments to the Environment Protection Act 1970 since 2004.
This variation was gazetted as the Variation to Waste Management Policy (Siting, Design and Management of Landfills) No. G26, Gazette 28/06/2018. The variations will come into operation on 1 July 2019.
View the Gazette (No. G26) (PDF 2.91MB, Victoria Government Gazette).
Waste Management Policy (Solid Fuel Heating)
The burning of wood (solid fuel) for home heating is a significant source of air pollution in Victoria in the winter months. This policy aims to improve air quality and protect the environment, human health and amenity by reducing emissions from solid fuel heating. It requires all solid fuel heaters manufactured and sold in Victoria to be certified to comply with the Australian Standard (AS/NZS 4013). When installed and operated correctly, solid fuel heaters that comply with this standard produce significantly less emissions than non-compliant heaters.
The revised Australian Standard AS/NZS 4013:2014 has been incorporated into the policy in accordance with section 32(4) of the Interpretation of Legislation Act 1984.
The policy also contains measures to improve the use and operating practices of solid fuel heating appliances already installed in homes. This includes community information and education campaigns that are aimed at assisting householders with these appliances to reduce their smoke emissions.
This policy was gazetted as the Waste Management Policy (Solid Fuel Heating) No. S174, Gazette 27/7/2004.
Waste Management Policy (Used Packaging Materials)
This WMP implements the National Environment Protection (Used Packaging Materials) Measure in Victoria. The underlying goals of the WMP are to reduce environmental degradation arising from the disposal of used packaging and to conserve virgin materials.
The WMP encourages the reuse and recycling of used packaging materials by supporting and complementing the voluntary strategies in the Australian Packaging Covenant (the Covenant).
This policy was gazetted as the Waste Management Policy (Used Packaging Materials) No. G17, Gazette 26/04/2012.
The Australian Packaging Covenant is a product stewardship agreement between companies in the packaging supply chain and all levels of government to reduce the environmental impacts of consumer packaging. The WMP ensures that brand owner signatories to the Covenant are not competitively disadvantaged by fulfilling their commitments to the Covenant. The Covenant and related documents are available from the Australian Packaging Covenant website.
The Victorian Government is itself a signatory to the Covenant. Its commitments in support of the Covenant are set out in its Action Plan 2011–15 (PDF 125KB).
These are reported against in its 2014 Annual Report (PDF 178KB) (the 2013 Annual Report (PDF 155KB), 2012 Annual Report (PDF 168KB) and 2011 Annual Report (PDF 162KB) are also available).
Extracts from the Victoria Government Gazette are reproduced with the permission of the Crown in right of the State of Victoria, Australia. The State of Victoria accepts no responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of any extracts published on this website. Hard copies (paper) are available for viewing at the EPA Victoria Library.